Delayed birth certificates DBC and those created by probate court ac tion s are not available online. Cost of copy 1. If the criteria in GN Requests for Verification of Birth or Death S ervice If you have reason to question the birth or death certificate see e. If criteria in GN New fee D. Payment for notary fee s associated with requests for vital records FOs should pay for notary services using a Government purchase card.
Type of payment Check or money order. Remarks Can parallel FO verify birth records? If verification is not available online, notification is sent to the requesting FO who then must request verification direct from BVS. See the Texas website for request forms, fees, expedited process, and ID requirements.
If the claimant meets the criteria in GN Can parallel FO verify birth records? Delayed birth records DBCs are not available online for verification.
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The parallel FO cannot follow up on any requests sent direct to the State. Corpus Christi Rm.
McDonald St. Drawer Lamesa, TX D. Box Lewisville, TX Records begin Vernon, TX Freestone P. Courthouse Sq. Goliad, TX Gonzales P. Fleshing out the more interesting and personal details of military service, such as the birth and death of a soldier's child or the murder of a young recruit, often requires delving into lesser known records.
For Regular Army soldiers in particular, the records of U. As the stories of John Robinson and James Williams attest, military post records frequently contain unexpected but useful genealogy related material.
The early federal government continued a longstanding colonial practice of setting aside tracts of public land for military use. These locations often became the sites of fortified garrisons of varying size and design. The protection of frontier settlements from foreign encroachments and Native American attacks had always been a paramount concern; by the early s a half dozen garrisoned posts dotted the western borders of the young republic.
The need to defend against foreign threats also led to the construction of seacoast fortresses to safeguard vital coastal channels, tributaries, and inland ports. By the early 19th century, following the end of the First Seminole War in , a network of 73 military posts protected the nation. The expansion of the western frontier further fueled the construction of installations. The acquisition of land from Mexico in spurred the need for a constant military presence from New Mexico to California and the Pacific Northwest.
Indian wars necessitated the regular presence of U. During the Civil War, the Union army established new outposts as it reoccupied Southern territory. At war's end, Federal troops on occupation duty reclaimed abandoned forts and erected temporary posts. In the latter 19th century, the function of military outposts began to change.
At first, continued Indian warfare on the frontier, especially in the northern plains and southwest, caused the U. The cessation of Indian wars by the early s and the advance of the railroads through the West diminished the need for posts. The military no longer required intricate networks of fortified posts to protect territory, enforce law and order, or keep transportation routes open.
As a result, many forts became obsolete and evolved from protective strongholds to training facilities. In the early 20th century, during the United States' participation in World War I, training camps flourished across the country, but the War Department immediately abandoned most of them after the war ended. Military garrisons created many records to document their daily activities. In the early 19th century, however, the federal government seldom regulated such records.
Not until did the War Department begin to issue guidelines that identified certain types of records to be created along with specific filing procedures. In the War Department required the records of abandoned posts to be forwarded to the Adjutant General's Office for preservation. This belated oversight, along with human negligence, the effects of nature, and the relatively primitive environment in which many of these garrisons operated, contributed to the paucity of records for many early forts and noticeable gaps in later records.
Despite such inherent problems, military post records still offer useful historical insight. The existing records of 19th-century U. The textual records in this record group contain material relating to all domestic field establishments of the U. Army organized into five parts, including 1 geographical divisions, departments, and military Reconstruction districts; 2 polyonymous multiple named successions of commands, —, including armies, army corps, tactical divisions, and brigades; 3 geographical districts and subdistricts; 4 military installations posts, camps, and stations , —, whose records are interfiled or otherwise inseparable from higher level organizations; and 5 military installations, —, whose records exist as separate or "stand alone" entities.
The records of most 19th-century posts fall within the last category, although it is occasionally possible to locate related material within the other subdivisions of the record group. Military post records are generally divided into two parts: headquarters records created or maintained by the post commander or his designate and records created by subordinate staff officers.
Headquarters records documented administrative activities as well as general information about post personnel. As the highest ranking officer in charge, the post commander supervised the overall affairs of the fort, including safety, defense, discipline, and the physical condition of the facilities, especially the living quarters; the preservation and usage of government equipment and supplies; and the enforcement of federal laws and Army regulations. A lower ranking officer usually assisted the commander as the post adjutant or chief record keeper.
Following established protocol, the adjutant handled incoming correspondence and disposed of or distributed all papers received; answered letters; signed endorsements; supervised clerks, orderlies, and guards; distributed and filed general orders; drafted and signed special orders; and handled all personnel records. Letters sent and received at headquarters typically documented the routine activities of the post and surrounding community. The adjutant transcribed outgoing correspondence in bound volumes including the date and the name of the recipient.
Dallas of the 23rd U. Martin K. Nelson of Troop M, Fifth U. Cavalry, per Special Order Since Nelson had previously served as the post's Indian interpreter, Dallas informed headquarters that he temporarily hired Nelson as a "post guide" to retain his valuable language skills. For letters received at the post, the adjutant usually maintained an unbound correspondence file but also documented each letter in a bound register.
The register entries contained the number assigned to the incoming letter, the name and office of the author, the place and date of the letter and the date it was received, and a brief summary of the contents. A remarks column also indicated the disposition of each dispatch.
A typical register entry for Fort Laramie, Wyoming, showed the commanding officer received a communication from the Department of the Platte at Omaha, Nebraska, on December 14, , requesting the farrier of the post to appear at Fort D. Russell near Cheyenne for examination "as to his qualification for the position of Veterinary Surgeon. Quite often, incoming telegrams were simply interfiled within the existing correspondence series. Issuances of the post, including general and special orders, circulars, and memorandums, typically disseminated important instructions or announcements in a more official format.
General orders covered subject matter deemed significant to the garrison as a whole, such as War Department orders and regulations, while special orders conveyed instructions or information to specific groups or individuals. In both cases, the orders documented information about military activity at the post. Concerning information affecting the entire post, Maj.
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Facing the prospects of "an unusually dry season," Mizner ordered the garrison to restrict public usage of the water supply for any unnecessary activity—including bathing, washing clothes, and other "nuisances"—in order to preserve the purity of the existing water holes. Tunstan, all of the Seventh U. Infantry, to temporary duty with the post quartermaster. Special Order , dated November 28, , further authorized the quartermaster to purchase six lanterns and 40 gallons of lard oil "for the purpose of lighting the fort.
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Similar to general orders, circulars and memorandums were issued to the garrison at large, but their content usually dealt with specific internal matters including inspections, drills, parades, payment of troops, arrangements for funerals, and guard mount assignments.
The adjutant occasionally maintained additional files of original issuances received from higher commands. In addition to routine business and administrative activities, headquarters records also documented general information about lower-ranking personnel at the post. Some forts maintained descriptive books about recruits, enlisted men, and noncommissioned officers although not all of them have survived.
The ledgers included the date and place of enlistment; date of assignment to the post; descriptions of personnel or disciplinary actions; and status of health and pay. The military cantonment at North Fork on the Canadian River, Indian Territory Oklahoma maintained a register of civilians that identified each employee's name, age, physical description, place of birth state or kingdom, and town or county , occupation, physical peculiarities, and remarks regarding place or department of employment. Later entries also noted dates of arrival and departure from the post.
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Other descriptive registers documented personnel actions, such as passes issued to soldiers and duty assignments as well as furloughs and discharges granted. The register of enlisted men discharged from Fort Bridger, Wyoming Territory, between January and March recorded each soldier's name, rank, company and regiment, reason for discharge, the date of discharge from service, a brief character description, and miscellaneous remarks. Charles Stratton, a musician at Fort Bridger whose enlistment expired on August 19, , was favorably characterized as "a respectable and reliable soldier, an alto player and a first-class drummer.
Disciplinary actions against personnel generated yet other descriptive records. For individuals brought before summary or garrison courts-martial, some forts maintained registers of the charges and specifications as well as records of the trial proceedings. The charges and specifications listed the specific infractions committed, described the manner or events in which the infractions occurred, and also identified the name and unit of the accused, the date of the charges, names of witnesses, and the date of approval for the indictment and trial.
The record of proceedings for summary and garrison courts-martial often included the name, rank, and unit of the accused; a description of the charges and specifications preferred; the names of witnesses; dates of arrest and arraignment; plea of the accused; the finding of the court; and action by the commanding officer. Joseph Gamache of Company F, 22nd U. Infantry, ran afoul of military authorities at Fort Keogh, Montana, on several occasions. On the night of May 27, , he left the fort without permission and wound up in a drunken brawl in nearby Miles City, where local authorities duly arrested him for disorderly conduct.
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For breaching military rules and etiquette, Gamache also faced arraignment before a summary court-martial on May 30, , charged with being absent without leave and conduct unbecoming an officer. First Sgt. After pleading guilty to both charges, the court-martial sentenced Gamache to a reduction in rank to private soldier.
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